Dry eye could present with mild symptoms or persistent discomfort in the form of a relentless disorder affecting millions of patients throughout the world.
Dr. Gulani in the Medical Media
There are a plethora of over the counter relief drops and remedies for Dry Eye but it is essential that you have a thorough exam with an expert to have a treatment strategy best tailored for your condition. This is also vital to rule out any local surgeries as a cause ie. Lasik or associated systemic disease of which this could be the first indicator ie. Sjogren's syndrome, certain arthritis, thyroid disorders, drug side effects, etc.
Dr. Gulani teaches DRY EYE management in his courses for eye surgeons globally and provides an in-depth diagnostic evaluation along with a full spectrum of care from medical/pharmaceutical to advanced surgical applications including amniotic membrane surgeries with stem cell transplants for patients with this condition. He approaches Dry Eye as a Specific entity with a Specific cause which warrants a Specific treatment. Using this dedicated methodology, he has successfully helped people suffering from all levels of dry eyes who travel to our institute from all over the world.
He explains that the tear film is actually about 7microns thick and is made up of three layers:
Dr. Gulani classifies Dry eyes at various levels for eye care practitioners based on severity, symptomatology and vision impact.
Essentially though he explains that there are two basic kinds:
I. Quantitative (Decreased Quantity)
II. Qualitative (Decreased quality / altered chemical content of either one or all three layers despite good quantity)
The tear film is actually dependant on the nerve sensation of the cornea (that is why people have Dry eyes following a certain kind of Lasik surgery where the nerves get cut during surgery) and inflammatory cycles related to allergy, infections etc.
Finally, the tear film leaves the eye via tear ducts (in each lid) and goes into the nose on a normal basis (remember how some eye drops taste nasty).
The above explanation is Dr. Gulani’s way of simplifying the dry eye concept for all his patients and then he gets to work further investigating the root cause of dry eye and planning an effective treatment regimen.
So lets say someone has a decreased production but good quality of tears, they can have punctual plugs inserted into their tear ducts and thereby “Retain” whatever little tears they produce (a Plumbing issue- Block the drain since the tap is producing less water so the water remains in the sink for a longer time). This can further be augmented by tear producing eye drops like Restasis.
If the quantity is good but the quality of tears is bad then he addresses the abnormal layer effectively with appropriate eye drops, medications and even techniques. For example, if the Lipid layer is affected because of the Meibomian glands being blocked by repeated inflammation and allergy, he can actually open these glandswith a brief, in-office procedure using a new technology that he has introduced for the First Time in the World.
Using MGD probes, he can actually open the closed mouths of the glands (remember the ones like toothpaste tubes) and allow for free flow of the lipid layer again.
In certain cases based on their seriousness, Dr. Gulani performs “No-Stitch” human placenta surgery, transplants etc.
Thus we can see how approaching the dry eye complaint in a systematic manner can actually make sense of the situation, rule out any associated diseases and effectively plan for a customized solution for each individual eye.
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